Now it is possible to fertilize the eggs of a mother with a fathers’ sperm artificially and place the embryo in the uterus of a gestational surrogate mother. This process is called in vitro fertilization. Then surrogate bear the child of an intended couple till birth.
The gestational surrogate is only the “birth mother” of a child. A surrogate does not have any biological relationship with the child born. The biological mother of a child is the woman whose eggs are used in the IVF process.
Purpose of Using Gestational Surrogate
Everyone wants to make their own family. In an era where great advancements are made in the medical field. All people want to take benefits from the techniques. Infertility is no longer exist because science provides many assisted reproductive techniques such as in-vitro fertilization. By this technique, infertile or gay couples can have their baby. A gestational surrogate consent on the surrogacy agreement. She provides parenthood options for those people who cannot adopt the baby because of marital status or age.
Who Take Advantages from a gestational Surrogate?
- A heterosexual infertile couple considers a gestational surrogate that carries their baby till birth.
- If a woman produces her healthy eggs but does not carry the pregnancy safely she uses a gestational surrogate for her family.
- Sometimes gay couples select an egg donor and fertilize the eggs and place the embryo in the uterus of a gestational surrogate.
- If a woman has a problem in the uterus or a woman’s uterus has been removed by a process called a hysterectomy. So, these women find a gestational surrogate its best option.
How to Find a Gestational Surrogate?
Surrogate can be found from family or friend who offers herself to carry a baby till birth. Many surrogate agencies also opened provide suitable gestational surrogates.
Paying a Surrogate
In some countries, surrogates get benefits from the contract. But in other countries, surrogates get nothing except personal expenses like food, clothes, medicines, checkups, and the IVF process.
Using a Gestational Surrogate
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine a surrogate passed through tests that check for infectious diseases like gonorrhea, syphilis, hepatitis B, C, and AIDS. They suggest that a gestational surrogate must get a medical examination to check that she can carry a healthy, full-term pregnancy. She should pass through many tests to check its immunity to chickenpox, and measles. Doctors examine the uterus and check its potential to carry a pregnancy.
Legal Issues with Gestational Surrogates
Surrogacy is still an issue in some countries because there is no federal law on it. It is illegal or completely banned in some countries. In some countries, gestational surrogacy in which the womb of a woman is used for money is a sin. State laws also vary on a surrogate. The laws change as technologies change so; parental rights are not safe.
In some countries, biological parents passed through the adoption process to get custody of their child from the court. In some country’s parents are declared before birth so, the child immediately transfers to the intended parents after birth.
An intended couple must hire a lawyer who has a specialization in reproductive of the country. He made a surrogacy contract with a surrogate. He consents to the surrogate on the contract. This contract helps to prevent legal issues after birth.
A gestational surrogate plays a crucial role in surrogacy. A surrogate agrees to carry the child of others till birth. She must consent to the legal agreement of the intended couple. A gestational surrogate is not the child’s biological mother. Intended parents of child bare all expenses in some countries. A gestational surrogate can be found from a friend, or family. Many agencies are open that provide the right gestational surrogates.