7 Things to Know Before Your First Safari

August 1, 2023

Going on your first safari is an incredibly exciting experience. Getting up close to majestic wildlife in their natural habitats is a dream for many travelers. Africa is the premier destination for safaris, with over 4,500,000 tourists going on safari across the continent every year, according to the Adventure Travel Trade Association. Your inaugural safari can be a memorable and magical journey with the right preparation and knowledge.

Here are some key things to know before embarking on your first safari adventure.

1. Choose the Right Destination

Africa is home to many excellent safari destinations, each with unique landscapes and wildlife populations. Popular safari countries include Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Namibia. Consider what you want to see – the wildebeest migration in the Serengeti or gorillas in Rwanda. Talk to safari experts to select the best destination for your interests. Also, research the peak seasons for wildlife viewing in your chosen destination, as animal migrations and concentrations shift throughout the year. For example, July through October is best for seeing the Great Migration in Kenya’s Maasai Mara.

Selecting the right destination and season will maximize your chances of having an amazing wildlife experience on your first safari. Don’t be afraid to be specific about what animals you most want to see when consulting safari guides. This will help ensure your destination aligns with your safari dreams.

2. Pack Properly

Safari attire is casual, comfortable, and rugged. Pack lightweight, neutral-colored clothing that provides sun protection. Bring sunscreen, sunglasses, binoculars, camera gear, and medication. Light shirts with UPF protection and a hat to cover your head will shield you from the sun during long days in open vehicles. Avoid perfumes or colognes that could alarm wildlife. Check with your tour operator for any other recommended items.

Also, be sure to pack appropriate shoes and outerwear for safari drives. Close-toed shoes and hiking boots are a must for walking safaris. Bring layers like jackets, sweaters, and scarves for cool early morning drives. A waterproof poncho or raincoat can protect against unexpected showers. Don’t forget extra memory cards and batteries for the cameras. Pack enough medications, toiletries, and snacks to last throughout your trip, as these may be hard to find in remote areas.

3. Wake Up Early

The best wildlife viewing is early morning and late afternoon when animals are most active. You’ll need to rise before dawn for the day’s first game drive. It’s worth losing a little sleep to see mesmerizing moments like a pride of lions waking up or elephants strolling to watering holes at sunrise. Napping during the heat of mid-day will help you adjust to the early schedule.

Many exclusive sightings happen in the magical ‘golden hours’ of dawn and dusk when the sun’s light casts a beautiful glow. Nocturnal animals return to sleep, while diurnal ones wake and begin hunting and foraging. You’ll see a range of behaviors and interactions you would miss at other times of the day. Getting up for sunrise drives can be challenging, but it is absolutely worth it for the best chance to see Africa’s wildlife.

4. Have Realistic Expectations

While safaris can bring you face-to-face with the Big 5, wildlife encounters are not guaranteed. Temper expectations and appreciate whatever animals you do see, whether it’s a rare leopard sighting or a journey of giraffes ambling by. With an open mindset, any safari will be an unforgettable experience.

It’s important to remember that animals are completely wild, not zoo attractions. Their movements are unpredictable, and some may be elusive or hiding in vegetation. Don’t expect to check species off a list – let the safari unfold naturally. Even without big game sightings, you’ll appreciate Africa’s incredible landscapes and biodiversity. Keep an open mind, stay patient, and enjoy every moment. The wildlife will appear when you least expect it!

5. Respect Wildlife

Safaris bring you into the natural environments of wild animals. Be sure to follow all rules from guides and rangers and never attempt to interact with the animals. Give them appropriate space, stay quiet, and move slowly on foot to avoid startling them. Never feed or try to pet wildlife, no matter how friendly they appear. Respecting the animals and their habitat is key.

Refrain from surrounding the crowd or chasing wildlife vehicles to get closer. Let guides determine safe distances and behavior around animals. Do not call out, whistle, or make loud noises near wildlife. If animals approach your vehicle, stay inside and keep silent. Any sudden movements or sounds can cause stress. Give nursing mothers with young plenty of room. We can minimize our impact on wildlife and their natural behaviors by being respectful observers.

6. Book With a Reputable Tour Operator

While it is possible to self-drive in some areas, booking with a reputable safari tour operator is highly recommended for first-timers. A good tour company will handle all the logistics, transportation, and accommodation, leaving you to focus on spotting wildlife. Ask for recommendations from friends or search safari review sites to find a tour operator that suits your budget and needs.

It’s worth investing time to research potential tour operators thoroughly. Look for companies with extensive experience leading safaris in your chosen destination. Check reviews and feedback from past clients. Ensure they utilize knowledgeable guides with expertise in wildlife and conservation. A reputable tour operator is the key to an exceptional first safari. Don’t just book the cheapest option – quality guiding makes all the difference.

7. Understand Park Rules

Each national park and game reserve has its own rules to protect wildlife and the environment. Get a full briefing from your guide on park regulations, including no littering, no feeding animals, and staying inside vehicles unless in designated safe areas. Follow all instructions from rangers and guides to ensure a safe and sustainable safari.

Rules may vary between parks, so be sure to get a refresher on regulations for each new protected area you enter. Common rules include restrictions on driving off-road, keeping distance from animals on foot, and prohibitions on collecting firewood or plants. Though rules may seem strict, they are important for preserving habitats and wildlife. Follow them closely and encourage others in your group to do the same.


Preparing properly for your first safari in Africa helps ensure it will be an incredible adventure. Do your research, follow all rules, manage expectations, and engage qualified guides for the best experience. Approaching your inaugural safari with knowledge and respect for the wildlife and environment will allow you to gain insights and memories that will last a lifetime.

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Andi Perullo de Ledesma

I am Andi Perullo de Ledesma, a Chinese Medicine Doctor and Travel Photojournalist in Charlotte, NC. I am also wife to Lucas and mother to Joaquín. Follow us as we explore life and the world one beautiful adventure at a time.

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