Before starting the diagnosis and management we should know what is Metabolic Syndrome?
It is basically a condition that triggers the risk of stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. Metabolic Syndrome is also known as insulin resistance syndrome, Syndrome X, or dysmetabolic syndrome.
Reportedly, around 35% of Americans are diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome. Although, the number increases with age. By the age a person reaches 60, almost a 50% chance is there for him or her to develop Metabolic Syndrome.
How Can Metabolic Syndrome be Diagnosed?
There are few below tests that lead to diagnosing the disease. They are:
- If a man has a waistline of or more than 40 inches and a woman having a waistline of 35 inches or more. The measurement is taken across the belly.
- If the blood pressure exceeds 130/85 mm Hg or the person is on medications for unnatural blood pressure.
- If the person has a triglyceride level of more than 150 mg/dl.
- If a person has a blood glucose (sugar) level of more than 100 mg/dl or he or she is taking medications to balance blood glucose level.
- If a person has a high-density lipoprotein level, also known as HDL, measuring less than 40 mg/dl, in the case of men, and below 50, for women.
How to Manage/ Control Metabolic Syndrome?
- Healthy eating and a balanced diet are the major factors to control Metabolic Syndrome. In case the person is overweight or obese, he or she should opt for losing weight. But the diet should be signed by a doctor.
- Exercise can lead to balance Metabolic Syndrome. Physical activity can improve insulin sensitivity. Regular aerobic exercise, including a 30 minutes’ walk can improve a lot. It will improve blood pressure, triglycerides levels and reduce risks of developing diabetes.
Usually, the patients are prescribed to exercise 150 minutes every week. Although increasing the time will only help.
- A balanced diet with less carbohydrate is undeniably healthy. The carbohydrate should come from whole grains such as bread, brown rice. Fruits and vegetables make a person intake higher dietary fibre. Less fat intake is also suggested. Red meat should be avoided as much as possible. Consuming healthy fats such as canola oil, olive oil, tree nuts, and flaxseed oil are good.
Causes of Metabolic Syndrome:
- Unbalanced diet
- Menopause and increasing age
- Over-weight, obesity, or excessive belly fat
- Lack of exercise
- Stress or anxiety
- Unhealthy lifestyle including lack of zinc, manganese, and chromium.
- Diabetes or a family history of diabetes.
Which Health Problems Does Metabolic Syndrome Develop?
With Metabolic Syndrome a person consistently has a higher level of blood glucose and insulin. It may cause harm as well as serious disorders in the human body.
- Coronary lining and other arteries damage, leading to stroke or chronic heart disease.
- Slowing the functioning of the kidney resulting in heart issues, high blood pressure, and stroke.
- Increase of triglyceride levels causing cardiovascular disease.
- Risks of forming blood clots in arteries that may lead to a heart attack or stroke.
- It may damage the eyes, kidneys, and nerves.
- Chances to develop type 2 diabetes because of slow insulin production.
- Fatty liver, associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), can result in liver failure or cirrhosis.
Without proper treatment and appropriate medication Metabolic Syndrome can lead to serious problems.