Nutrition According to the Bible

July 1, 2023


Nutrition plays a vital role in our overall health and well-being. The Bible, as a sacred text, offers guidance and wisdom on various aspects of life, including food and nutrition. While the Bible is not a comprehensive guide to modern nutrition science, it does provide principles and insights that can inform our dietary choices. In this article, we will explore nutrition according to the Bible, examining key dietary principles, food recommendations, and the significance of food in religious and spiritual contexts.

God’s Design for Food

According to the Bible, God created the world and all living creatures, including human beings. In the book of Genesis, we learn that God provided an abundant variety of plant-based foods for Adam and Eve to eat. In Genesis 1:29, God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food.” This passage suggests that God’s original design for human nutrition was primarily plant-based.

Dietary Laws in the Old Testament

In the Old Testament, God gave the Israelites specific dietary laws to follow. These laws, outlined in the book of Leviticus, included restrictions on certain types of animals and emphasized the importance of clean and unclean foods. For example, Leviticus 11:3 states, “Whatever parts the hoof and is cloven-footed and chews the cud, among the animals, you may eat.” This meant that animals like cows and sheep were considered clean and suitable for consumption, while animals like pigs and shellfish were considered unclean.

The dietary laws in the Old Testament served multiple purposes. They helped the Israelites maintain good health and hygiene, as many of the unclean animals were more prone to carrying diseases. Additionally, these laws set the Israelites apart from other nations and reinforced their identity as God’s chosen people.

Fasting and Spiritual Discipline

In addition to dietary guidelines, the Bible also speaks about the practice of fasting. Fasting involves abstaining from food for a specific period, often as a form of spiritual discipline or seeking God’s guidance and intervention. Throughout the Bible, we find examples of individuals and communities engaging in fasting during times of mourning, repentance, or seeking divine intervention.

Fasting is not explicitly about nutrition but rather a spiritual practice. However, it is worth noting that fasting can have physical health benefits, such as promoting detoxification, improving insulin sensitivity, and increasing mental clarity. It is important to approach fasting with caution and consult a healthcare professional, especially if you have underlying health conditions.

Moderation and Self-Control

The Bible emphasizes the importance of moderation and self-control in all areas of life, including eating habits. Proverbs 25:16 advises, “If you find honey, eat only enough for you, lest you have your fill of it and vomit.” This verse encourages moderation and warns against excessive indulgence.

Similarly, the apostle Paul writes in 1 Corinthians 6:12, “All things are lawful for me, but not all things are helpful. All things are lawful for me, but I will not be dominated by anything.” This verse reminds us that while we have freedom in our choices, we should not let food or any other earthly desire control us. Practicing self-control and moderation can help us maintain a balanced and healthy approach to nutrition.

The Importance of Gratitude

Gratitude is another essential aspect of biblical teachings related to food and nutrition. In numerous passages, the Bible encourages believers to express gratitude to God for the provision of food. For example, 1 Timothy 4:4-5 says, “For everything created by God is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, for it is made holy by the word of God and prayer.”

Expressing gratitude for the food we consume can cultivate a sense of mindfulness and appreciation for the nourishment we receive. It reminds us of the blessings we have and helps us develop a positive relationship with food.

The Role of Food in Community and Fellowship

Food often serves as a symbol of community, fellowship, and hospitality in the Bible. In the Old Testament, sharing a meal was a significant act of hospitality and often indicated a bond of friendship or covenant. In the New Testament, we see Jesus frequently sharing meals with his disciples and others, using these occasions to teach, heal, and demonstrate love.

Sharing meals together fosters a sense of connection and unity. It provides an opportunity to build relationships, strengthen community bonds, and demonstrate love and care for one another. The act of gathering around a table can be seen as a sacred act that goes beyond mere nourishment.

Treating the Body as a Temple

The Bible teaches that our bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit. In 1 Corinthians 6:19-20, it states, “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.”

This verse reminds us of the importance of taking care of our bodies, including making wise dietary choices. By treating our bodies with respect and nourishing them properly, we honor God’s gift of life and the dwelling place of the Holy Spirit within us.


While the Bible is not a scientific manual on nutrition, it provides valuable principles and insights that can guide our dietary choices. From God’s original design for plant-based foods to the dietary laws in the Old Testament, the Bible offers wisdom on how to approach nutrition in a way that promotes health, gratitude, self-control, and community.

By incorporating these biblical principles into our lives, we can strive to make informed and balanced decisions about our diet. It is important to combine biblical teachings with modern nutritional knowledge and consult healthcare professionals when needed to ensure we maintain a healthy lifestyle that honors both our physical and spiritual well-being.

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Andi Perullo de Ledesma

I am Andi Perullo de Ledesma, a Chinese Medicine Doctor and Travel Photojournalist in Charlotte, NC. I am also wife to Lucas and mother to Joaquín. Follow us as we explore life and the world one beautiful adventure at a time.

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