Diabetes And Its Connection To Oral Health

September 19, 2022

Millions of Americans are living with diabetes, and many may not be aware of the connection between diabetes and oral health. Diabetes can cause a number of serious problems to the teeth and gums, so people with diabetes need to take steps to protect their oral health.

This post will discuss the connection between diabetes and oral health. It will also provide tips for protecting your teeth and gums if you have diabetes.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that helps to regulate blood sugar levels. When blood sugar levels are not properly regulated, this can lead to several serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease.

How does diabetes affect oral health?

Did you know that diabetes is a risk factor for oral health problems? In fact, people with diabetes are more likely to have oral health problems than those without the disease. This is because high blood sugar levels can damage the tissues in your mouth.

For example, people with diabetes are at an increased risk for gum disease, which is an infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss. Diabetes can also make it more difficult for wounds to heal, which means that people with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing mouth infections. 

In addition, diabetes can cause dry mouth, which can lead to tooth decay and other oral health problems.

What oral health problems are associated with diabetes?

If you have diabetes, it is important to be aware of the connection between diabetes and oral health and take steps to protect your teeth and gums. This is because diabetes can cause several oral health problems, some of which include:

  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis is a common oral health problem caused by inflammation of the gums. People with diabetes are at an increased risk for developing gingivitis, as high blood sugar levels can damage the tissues in the mouth.
  • Gum disease: Gum disease is an infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss. Research has shown that people with diabetes are two to three times more likely to develop gum disease than people who do not have diabetes. 
  • Dry mouth: Dry mouth is another common oral health problem that can be caused by diabetes. When you have diabetes, your body may not produce enough saliva, or your saliva may not contain the proper enzymes to keep your mouth healthy. This can lead to many problems, such as an increased risk for tooth decay and infection.
  • Tooth Decay: Tooth decay is a common oral health problem that occurs when the enamel on your teeth is weakened, and bacteria is able to break through. People with diabetes are at an increased risk for tooth decay, as high blood sugar levels can damage the tooth enamel. In addition, People with diabetes may also have a reduced ability to fight off infection, which can lead to tooth decay.
  • Oral thrush: Oral thrush is a fungal infection that can occur in the mouth. People with diabetes can easily develop oral thrush because of their high blood sugar levels. This can also make it more difficult for wounds to heal in the mouth.

What can you do to protect your oral health if you have diabetes?

If you have diabetes, there are a few things you can do to help protect your oral health:

  • Brush and floss regularly: Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day. This will help remove plaque and bacteria from your teeth and gums.
  • Visit your dentist regularly: If you have diabetes, the importance of seeing your dentist regularly cannot be understated. This means visiting your dentist every 3 to 6 months for a cleaning and check-up. This will help to catch any problems early and keep your mouth healthy.
  • Quit smoking: If you smoke, quitting is one of the best things you can do for your oral and overall health.
  • Manage diabetes: It is important to control your blood sugar levels through diet, exercise and medication. This will help to reduce the risk for complications, such as gum disease and tooth decay.

Bottomline

Diabetes is a serious disease that can have far-reaching consequences for your oral health. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to communicate with your dentist about any concerns you may have and ensure you get the dental care you need.

By working together, your dentist can help keep your smile healthy and free from dental problems associated with diabetes. 

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Andi Perullo de Ledesma

I am Andi Perullo de Ledesma, a Chinese Medicine Doctor and Travel Photojournalist in Charlotte, NC. I am also wife to Lucas and mother to Joaquín. Follow us as we explore life and the world one beautiful adventure at a time.

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